Outcome of Carotid Endarterectomy in a Tertiary Center of Nepal: A Retrospective Study

Authors

  • Prashiddha B Kadel Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Manmohan Cardiothoracic Vascular and Transplant Center, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Uttam K Shrestha Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Manmohan Cardiothoracic and Vascular Transplant Center, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Kajan R Shrestha Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Manmohan Cardiothoracic and Vascular Transplant Center, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Dinesh Gurung Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Manmohan Cardiothoracic and Vascular Transplant Center, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal

Keywords:

Carotid artery, cerebrovascular disease, endarterectomy

Abstract

Introduction
Carotid endarterectomy for carotid artery disease is one of the surgeries performed by vascular surgeons for carotid artery disease. The objective of this study is to describe the early and late outcome of the patient undergoing carotid endarterectomy and the association between the complication and comorbidities present previously in the patient.

Methods
All patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy at Manmohan Cardiothoracic Vascular and Transplant Centre between April 2010 to April 2020 were included. The follow-up data for upto a year from medical and clinical records, telephone interview regarding the immediate and late postoperative complications in patients with and without comorbidities were investigated and compared.

Results
The total study population was 42 patients. Two patients (4.7%) developed stroke, one immediately in postoperative period and the other during follow up. There were two deaths (4.7%) postoperatively due to cardiac events and three (7.14%) recurrences of carotid stenosis among whom one (2.5%) developed late stroke. Twenty six patients (61.90%) were symptomatic prior to the procedure of which 20 patients (47.61%) had brain infarct. Overall one year survival was 95.2% post procedure and overall complication rate was 7.14%. The consequence in the form of death and stroke occurred more in the patients with comorbidities (3vs1) p=0.42.

Conclusion
The immediate and late postoperative complications following carotid endarterectomy were death (4.7%), stroke (4.7%), cranial nerve injury (9.5%). The most frequent cause of death was postoperative cardiac event. Though major complications occurred more frequently in patients having comorbidities, it was statistically insignificant.

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Published

2021-04-30

How to Cite

Kadel, P. B. ., Shrestha, U. K. ., Shrestha, K. R., & Gurung, D. . (2021). Outcome of Carotid Endarterectomy in a Tertiary Center of Nepal: A Retrospective Study. Journal of Institute of Medicine Nepal, 43(1), 31–35. Retrieved from http://www.jiomnepal.com.np/index.php/jiomnepal/article/view/27