Transplant Renal Artery Stenosis in Living Donor Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Single Center Experience from Nepal

Authors

  • Niraj Dhakal Department of Nephrology, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Mahesh R Sigdel Department of Nephrology, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Pawan R Chalise Department of Urology and Renal Transplant Surgery, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Nishan Bhurtyal Department of Nephrology, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Dibya S Shah Department of Nephrology, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal

Keywords:

Renal allograft outcome, revascularization, TRAS

Abstract

Introduction
Transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) is the most common preventable vascular complication in kidney transplantation with significant rates of graft loss and mortality. We aimed to study the demographics, prevalence, clinical presentation, and outcome of TRAS.

Methods
We retrospectively reviewed medical records of all living donor kidney transplant recipients at Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital from August 2008 to May 2021. Cases diagnosed with TRAS by ultrasound Doppler and/or renal CT angiogram were included. Data on demographics, clinical presentation, management, and outcomes were collected and analyzed. Among patients who underwent revascularization, pre and post-procedure creatinine, blood pressure (BP), and antihypertensive medicine burden were compared.

Results
Among 620 living donor kidney transplantation, TRAS was present in 17 recipients (Male:Female = 16:1) (2.6%); mean age was 35.47±12.71 years. The median duration at diagnosis was one-month post-transplant (range: 5 days-9 months). The most common clinical features of TRAS were graft dysfunction and uncontrolled hypertension Diagnosis of TRAS was confirmed with CT angiography in 13 patients. Ten patients underwent revascularization. Pre and post-revascularization mean serum creatinine was 356±210.49 µmol/L and 122.8±30.48 µmol/L (p=0.007) respectively, mean Systolic BP was 200±12.47 mmHg and 133±13.38 mmHg (p=0.005) respectively and mean diastolic BP was 105±15.09 mmHg and 80±9.43 mmHg(p=0.005) respectively. Significant reduction in anti-hypertensive pill burden was achieved.

Conclusion
Prevalence of TRAS was 2.6%. Most cases presented early with hypertension and graft dysfunction. Revascularization of significant stenosis had a favorable outcome in terms of BP control, antihypertensive pill burden, and preservation of renal function.

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Published

2022-04-30

How to Cite

Dhakal, N., Sigdel, M. R., Chalise, P. R., Bhurtyal, N., & Shah, D. S. (2022). Transplant Renal Artery Stenosis in Living Donor Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Single Center Experience from Nepal. Journal of Institute of Medicine Nepal, 44(1), 1–6. Retrieved from http://www.jiomnepal.com.np/index.php/jiomnepal/article/view/199