Early Experience of Cardiac Surgery in the Maldives

Authors

  • Ranjan Sapkota Department of Cardio-Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, ADK Hospital School of Health Sciences, Male’ Maldives

Keywords:

Cardiac surgery, coronary artery bypass, Maldives, valve replacement

Abstract

Introduction
From stitching a heart wound to the current level of sophistication, cardiac surgery has come a long way as a discipline. Heart surgery in South Asia has advanced tremendously; both, quantitatively and qualitatively. This is a report of the first fifteen surgeries done in the Maldives where cardiac surgery has started as an organized program.

Methods
Data on the first fifteen consecutive cardiac surgeries done in our hospital, over a period of 7 months, was analyzed. We briefly describe our usual perioperative management, and the pretext of the beginning of the cardiac surgery program.

Results
Fifteen patients, 13 males, aged 59.9±13.8 years, with a EuroScore of 0.9±0.4%, were operated. Eleven underwent CABG; and four had a valve replacement. Nine out of 11 had TVD, including 6 who had an LMCA disease. The first surgery was an off-pump CABG. The CABG group had a total of 2-5 grafts. Pump and cross-clamp times were 239.6 (± 56.1) min and 154.2 (± 45) min respectively. Five (33.3%) had at least one non-fatal complication. Two (13.2%) required re-exploration for mediastinal bleeding. The length of hospital stay was 16.5 days (±6.9 days). The chest tubes stayed for an average of 4.8 (±0.7) days. There was no in-hospital, 30-day and 90-day mortality recorded.

Conclusion
Cardiac surgery has begun in the Maldives. It is safe and feasible to sustain cardiac surgery program in the country, provided continued national support and international collaboration is ensured.

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Published

2019-04-30

How to Cite

Sapkota, R. (2019). Early Experience of Cardiac Surgery in the Maldives. Journal of Institute of Medicine Nepal, 41(1), 52–66. Retrieved from http://www.jiomnepal.com.np/index.php/jiomnepal/article/view/154